The iHere project specifically targets disadvantaged groups in society in Europe. For this we would like to take a closer look at some of these groups and their risk factors in terms of mental health. It should be mentioned that people with mental illness can already be counted as such among the vulnerable groups.
The number of children and adolescents affected by mental health disorders in Europe is alarmingly high.
Since many mental health problems manifest themselves in childhood, it is especially crucial to install appropriate help at an early stage, if necessary.
Source: Mental health: Children failed at vulnerable point – BBC News
Nearly 1 in 5 children suffers from a mental, emotional or behavioral disorder, such as anxiety, depression, attention deficit or hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Children and adolescents whose mental health is impaired benefit from early diagnosis and treatment.
There are professional practitioners who have specialized in children’s mental health, such as:
Mental health disorders are a leading cause of health-related disabilities in children and young people and can have adverse and long-lasting effects
Source: Mental health of children in London (publishing.service.gov.uk)
Mental health of children in London (publishing.service.gov.uk)
In general, we speak of elderly people from the age of 65. In our society, there is a trend that the elderly population is increasing due to longer life expectancy.
For a better understanding of elderly people we want to point out what is important to them at this stage of life:
Many elderly people live alone. The results of a study show that more than 1 in 4 elderly people living alone suffer from a mental illness (26.2%). In contrast, older people who do not live alone are affected by mental health problems in only 1 in 5 cases (22.7%).
Mental health problems among older people can often be reduced simply by counteracting factors such as loneliness and social isolation.
This can be reduced, for example, by social meeting places or even regular social contacts (family visits, telephone calls, care services, hobbies, etc.).
Mental disorders change and manifest with age, especially if left untreated. Therefore, mental illness can be very damaging in old age, especially as it can often be compounded by other (physical) health conditions, such as dementia. In addition, people with a mental illness are more likely than the general population to have another serious illness, such as cardiovascular disease. The occurrence and severity of mental health problems, especially when drug and alcohol problems are also present, are likely to be exacerbated in people with underlying conditions such as physical disabilities, brain injuries, degenerative neurological conditions, or age-related cognitive impairment. People with preexisting mental health problems who have a terminal disease and need end-of-life care may be among the most underrepresented and disadvantaged populations in our society.
Our public hospital system often struggles to provide multidisciplinary care, comprehensive assessment, appropriate care planning, and subsequent monitoring and care. The greatest challenge here is collaboration between nursing and therapeutic treatment, as there is often a focus on only one field.
Migrants and refugees may be exposed to various stressors that affect their mental health and well-being before and during their escape, as well as during their settlement and integration. The prevalence of common mental disorders such as depression, anxiety, and post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) tends to be higher among migrants exposed to adverse circumstances and refugees than among the receiving population. Many migrants and refugees do not have access to mental health services or encounter barriers to accessing them. They also face interruptions in continuity of care.
Factors that negatively impact the mental health and well-being of migrant and refugee children include socioeconomic disadvantage, discrimination, racism, low family cohesion, and frequent school changes. Children who have been separated from their parents are at increased risk of developing depression, anxiety, suicidal thoughts, behavioral disorders, and substance abuse problems.
Many immigrants and refugees suffer from stress (e.g., feelings of anxiety and sadness, hopelessness, sleep disturbances, fatigue, irritability, anger, and/or pain). For most people, these reactions improve over time.
Migrants and refugees often face various problems and stressors that can occur at different stages of the migration process:
Why do we need to differentiate between genders in mental health? To answer this, we need to look at several biological, sociocultural and behavioural differences that have an impact on mental disorders.
Source Picture: Mental Health Resources for Women – All IN for Health
What mental health problems are women most likely to suffer from?
While men are more likely to suffer from early-onset schizophrenia, antisocial personality disorder, and alcoholism, some mental illnesses are more common in women, including:
Let’s talk about the Mental Health issues faced by the Women of today – iThrive Counselling
Similarly to older people, there is a great deficit in appropriate assistance for disabled people. This is particularly due to the fact that the focus is often on physical symptoms and not on mental health. However, it is important to consider the health of a person as a whole.
A recent study found that adults with disabilities are more likely to report experiencing mental health problems than people without disabilities. In 2018, an estimated 17.4 million (32.9%) adults with disabilities suffered from frequent mental health problems. Common mental distress is associated with poor health behaviors, increased health care utilization, mental health disorders, chronic illnesses, and limitations in daily living.