The age-related hearing loss (ARHL) or presbycusis.
“Disabling hearing loss refers to hearing loss greater than 40 dB in the better hearing ear in adults (15 years or older)”
Over 42% of people with any degree of hearing loss are aged above 60 years.
Globally, the prevalence of hearing loss increases exponentially with age, rising from 15.4% among people aged in their 60s, to 58.2% among those aged more than 90 years.
According to the World Hearing Report (2021):
There are many eye conditions that can cause vision loss or blindness in the elderly.
Globally, they are the second leading cause of death from unintentional injuries and the highest mortality rate is found in adults over 60 years.
The focus should be on preventing or reducing the number of future falls and fall-related injuries and complications while maintaining as much of the patient’s function and independence as possible.
In the periodic physical or wellness examination, patients should be asked about falls in the past year and difficulty with balance or ambulation.
Patients who report a single fall and who do not have problems with balance should be given general information about reducing risk of falls.
It should include how to use drugs safely and reduce environmental hazards.
The use of ICT through information systems can bring many benefits to the lives of these people.
Elderly guided by a digital program can learn how to prevent falls and accidents.
People aged 65 and older are much more likely than younger people to suffer a heart attack, to have a stroke, or to develop coronary heart disease (commonly called heart disease) and heart failure.
Heart disease is also a major cause of disability, limiting the activity and eroding the quality of life of millions of older people.
They are acute events triggered by an obstruction that prevents blood from being transported to the heart or brain.
Aging can cause changes in the heart and blood vessels.
For example, as you get older, your heart can’t beat as fast during physical activity or times of stress as it did when you were younger.
However, the number of heartbeats per minute (heart rate) at rest does not change significantly with normal aging.
Family history of premature cardiovascular disease
Diabetes is a chronic metabolic disease characterized by elevated blood glucose levels.
Under normal circumstances, the pancreas produces the hormone insulin, which “transports” sugar from the blood to the cells to be used for energy.
When there is not enough insulin, then glucose stays in the blood and does not reach the cells.