Non communicable diseases (NCDs) (also known as chronic diseases) exist due to genetic, physiological, environmental and behavioural factors and the most common are cardiovascular diseases, cancer, respiratory disease and diabetes.
Please keep in mind that NCDs are very common and risk factors are mainly lifestyle habits that are adopted through childhood and adolescence. Therefore, try to provide healthy foundation and guidance in order for your child to thrive!
In this lesson we will analyse the following terms which correspond to reversible factors of NCDs:
Overweight/obesity are nutritional problems that can cause NCDs in the future like cardiovascular disease, diabetes, certain types of cancer and are also associated with depression.
Obesity is very complex as it has it’s routes on genetic alongside with environmental causes. However, the consequences of obesity are harmful for the health of young children.
Addiction issues (like alcohol and drug abuse) are prevalent in children and adolescents that are exposured to certain risk factors.
Addiction can lead to a variety of NCDs but it can also cause or exacerbate mental health problems like anxiety and depression and even lead to suicide.
Dental problems are common in children but they can cause pain and frustration.
These problems vary from dental cavities to more severe dental conditions. Most of them are preventable, therefore, parents should take extra care in preventing them.
Firstly, the most important practice is urging your child towards teeth brushing twice a day with a fluoride toothpaste. Additionally, parents should arrange check-up appointments with a dentist in order to prevent or to early diagnose the development of dental problems.
It has been shown that living in a low or middle income country is associated with higher risk of developing cardiovascular diseases, lung and gastric cancer, type 2 diabetes, and Chronic Respiratory Diseases.
Lower SES has also been associated with a higher body mass index (BMI), less healthy nutrition and less physical activity. Therefore, children in low SES families are in greater risk of developing NCDs in the future.
In addition, there is further evidence of correlation between SES and laboratory parameters, e.g., serum lipid levels.