Lesson 4 Types of Viral Infections

Types of viral infections:

  • Respiratory viral infection:
    • Affects the nose, throat and lungs
    • Examples : seasonal influenza, SARS-COV-2
  • Viral skin infection:
    • Creates rash
    • examples: herpes simplex virus-1(HSV-1), Varicella-zoster virus (VZV)
  • Viral food poisoning:
    • viruses can cause  food poisoning
    • examples: Norovirus, Hepatitis A, Rotavirus
  • Viral Infections and STIs:
    • examples: human papillomavirus (HPV), Hepatitis B, Genital Herpes, Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV)

Transmission: viruses can be transmitted via air, touch, saliva sexual contact or via vectors such as ticks or mosquitos

IMPORTANT: not all viruses are transmitted in the same way.